Vitamin D food fortification programmes has recently been hitting the headlines in Europe, highlighting the need for action to ensure that Europeans have enough vitamin D. But how should this be obtained? Is diet and sunshine enough, or do we need a bit of extra help? Vitamin D – beyond a vitamin Vitamin D is a unique nutrient in that it can be derived from food as well as from the action of sunlight on bare skin. It is essential for the optimal use of calcium in the body in that it aids calcium absorption in the gut and deposition in the bones, and it controls calcium levels in the blood. Deficiency results in bone disorders such as rickets in children and osteoporosis in adults. Evidence is now emerging that vitamin D has many additional roles to play….